AMD is the leading cause of blindness in people over 55 years old in North America.

The central part of the retina is where the macula is located, and the macula is responsible for seeing details as well as colors. We use our macula for driving, recognizing faces, and reading. Macular degeneration causes distortion or blurriness on the centre of the vision, without affecting the peripheral vision.

There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. The first one holds the vast majority of the cases and is the milder and slow progression version; however it can develop into the wet and more severe type, which accounts for 10% of all cases.

Initially AMD does not have symptoms at all in most of the cases, or can produce a slight distortion of the central vision. However some signs can be detected during a routine eye examination, even before any symptoms appear.

Treatment

There is currently no cure for AMD, and that is why early detection is the most important about this condition. Lifestyle changes like keeping blood pressure at normal levels, no smoking, doing exercise; wearing glasses to reduce UV radiation are the basic recommendations for the dry form. Eye injections can be done for the wet form of AMD, trying to stop the leaking blood vessels. Vitamin supplements can also help slowing down the progression of AMD.